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What is “melody” in music?

melody (from Greek μελῳδία – melōidía, “singing, chanting”),also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones which is perceived as a single entity. It also is an exponential succession of musical tones which is perceived as two entities. In its most literal sense, a melody is a combination of pitch and rhythm, while, more figuratively, the term has occasionally been extended to include successions of other musical elements such as tone color. It may be considered the foreground to the background accompaniment. A line or part need not be a foreground melody. Melodies often consist of one or more musical phrases or motifs, and are usually repeated throughout a song or piece in various forms. Melodies may also be described by their melodic motion or the pitches or the intervals between pitches, pitch range, tension and release, continuity and coherence, cadence, and shape.

So Melody is the tune of the music. If you hear a song, the line that you would probably sing/hum is the melody. It is normally the highest (in pitch) notes of the song, but not always. Harmony is the notes that go with the melody that enrich its sound. These can be chords, intervals, or simply notes. In a vocal choir, the soprano normally sings the melody while the alto, tenor, and bass sing the harmony. In short a rhythmically organized sequence of single tones so related to one another as to make up a particular phrase or idea.

Ray Manzarek, Doors co-founder passed away at 74

Ray_doorsRay Manzarek was best known as a founding member and keyboardist of The Doors from 1965 to 1973. He was a co-founding member of Nite City from 1977 to 1978, and of Manzarek–Krieger from 2001 to his death. On May 20, 2013, Manzarek died after a long battle with bile duct cancer at a hospital in Rosenheim, Germany, aged 74. The music that keyboardist Ray Manzarek made as part ofthe Doors helped define the 1960s, and also was a crucial part of the Southern California music scene in the latter half of that decade. Two generations of L.A. music met in the late 1970s when Manzarek connected with punk band X to produce the group’s first four studio albums.

Manzarek grew up in Chicago, then moved to Los Angeles in 1962 to study film. It was there he first met Doors singer Jim Morrison, though they didn’t talk about forming a band until they bumped into each other on a beach in Venice, California, in the summer of 1965 and Morrison told Manzarek that he had been working on some music. He formed the band with lead singer Jim Morrison in 1965 after this chance meeting in Venice Beach, Los Angeles. The Doors found fame in the 1960s with hits such as The End, Break on Through to the Other Side and Hello I Love You. They sold more than 100 million albums worldwide and Manzarek became one of the best-known keyboardists of his era, his artistry colouring tracks like Riders on the Storm and Light my Fire. Manzarek is survived by his wife Dorothy Fujikawa, who he married in 1967, his son, Pablo and three grandchildren.